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Organic Vegetable Gardening

By admin On November 20, 2008 Under Organic Gardening

Cost effectiveness and the ability to produce almost the same yield of crops are reasons more farmers are getting into organic vegetable gardening. You too can do this at home but first, you have to understand the principles of organic vegetable gardening. First, organic vegetable gardening does not use any fertilizers, nutrients or pesticides. Nature is your partner here because you will be using two things to make it all work namely sunlight and water. You have to find the ideal area and provide adequate drainage because we don’t produce these ourselves.

Aside from sunlight and water, you can help the crops grow by using compost heap from leftover food, chipped bark, garden compost, leaf moulds and manure which you can mix together and then spread this throughout your garden. A lot of people are uneasy about manure but this is sold in stores so you don’t have to scoop this from the toilet and if you keep Chickens then they are great to have - just let them roam around in the garden. In order to be useful, dead animals or meat products should not be put in soil. However, leave them for a couple of weeks in the bin and maggots will soon appear which is what you use to help fertilize your garden.

Because it digs deep into the ground and aerates the soil, the earthworm is another helpful creature as this brings various minerals to the surface and also provides better drainage. The casting left behind by this long pink colored creature is, according to experts, five times as rich in nitrogen phosphorous and potassium. Again, this can be purchased from almost any gardening store or garden center.

Unwanted guests including army worms, crickets, gypsy moth caterpillars, slugs and squash bugs make organic gardening a challenge. The toad is known to eat almost every type of insect despite the fact that at one time people used fertilizer to kill them so it is the best weapon in an organic setting. It is not in the toad’s diet if you have caterpillars or spiders lurking in the garden so get a bird.

A toad or a bird may come in to your home as long as you set the ideal environment for them so you don’t have to buy one from the pet store. Your garden will have some new occupants protecting it within days if you can put up a bird house or a small pond. As they mark their territory and eat anything that dares enter their domain, the preying mantis and the ladybug are other insect killers which you can get to do the job.

For example, the rosemary, sage or thyme is an effective deterrent against butterflies whereas marigolds are effective against nematodes. Crop rotation is seen as the best way to keep the soil fertile, despite all the flowers and creatures that nature has to offer. The same kind of vegetable should be planted and harvested in a season, with an alternative vegetable being planted in between. As the principles behind organic gardening are very simple, all that is required to harvest the vegetables you have planted weeks ago is practice.